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Nutritional Physiology and Ecology of Honey Bees

Citation:

Wright, G. A. ; Nicolson, S. W. ; Shafir, S. Nutritional Physiology and Ecology of Honey Bees. Annu Rev Entomol 2018, 63, 327-344.

Date Published:

2018 01 07

Abstract:

Honey bees feed on floral nectar and pollen that they store in their colonies as honey and bee bread. Social division of labor enables the collection of stores of food that are consumed by within-hive bees that convert stored pollen and honey into royal jelly. Royal jelly and other glandular secretions are the primary food of growing larvae and of the queen but are also fed to other colony members. Research clearly shows that bees regulate their intake, like other animals, around specific proportions of macronutrients. This form of regulation is done as individuals and at the colony level by foragers.